King Akbar was very fond of Birbal. This made a certain courtier very jealous. Now this courtier always wanted to be chief minister, but this was not possible as Birbal filled that position. One day Akbar praised Birbal in front of the courtier. This made the courtier very angry and he said that the king praised Birbal unjustly and if Birbal could answer three of his questions, he would accept the fact that Birbal was intelligent. Akbar always wanting to test Birbals wit readily agreed.
The three questions were
1. How many stars are there in the sky
2. Where is the centre of the Earth and
3. How many men and how many women are there in the world.
Immediately Akbar asked Birbal the three questions and informed him that if he could not answer them, he would have to resign as chief minister.
To answer the first question, Birbal brought a hairy sheep and said, “There are as many stars in the sky as there is hair on the sheep’s body. My friend the courtier is welcome to count them if he likes.”
To answer the second question, Birbal drew a couple of lines on the floor and bore an iron rod in it and said, “this is the center of the Earth, the courtier may measure it himself if he has any doubts.”
In answer to the third question, Birbal said, “Counting the exact number of men and women in the world would be a problem as there are some specimens like our courtier friend here who cannot easily be classified as either. Therefore if all people like him are killed, then and only then can one count the exact number.”
Welcome to DesiShades!
DesiShades.com serves the Colorado South Asian Desi Community offering free classifieds, events, news and other useful information.
Indian-origin wizard wins 'Nobel Prize' of Mathematics
WASHINGTON: Mathematicians of Indian- and Iranian-origin are among the four winners of the 2014 Fields Medal, widely considered the Nobel Prize for maths that has been broadly dominated by white males since it was instituted in 1936.
The award going to Princeton University's Manjul Bhargava, a Canadian-American maths wizard was no surprise; although he is the first person of Indian origin, he was the hot favorite in pre-award polls among peers.
The sensational co-winner is Maryam Mirzakhani, a female Iranian mathematician who teaches at Stanford University. It is the first time a female mathematician has won the Fields medal; all 52 previous winners have been men in a field traditionally dominated by the male of the species.
Expectedly, it created a ripple in the rarefied maths world.
Mirzakhani's success was "hugely symbolic and I hope it will encourage more women to get into mathematics because we need more women. I am very happy that now we can put to rest that particular 'it has never happened before'," Ingrid Daubechies, herself the first female president of the International mathematical Union (IMU), said while announcing the award.
The two other winners this year are Artur Avila from Brazil and Martin Hairer from Austria. Avila is also the first Brazilian and Latin American to win the medal.
One to four Fields Medals are awarded once every four years to mathematicians under the age of 40 years at the International Congress of the International Mathematical Union (IMU), which meets every four years. The presentation will take place in Seoul on Wednesday at the quadrennial IMU Congress (Hyderabad hosted it in 2010).
Although the prize money ($15,000) is chump change (approximately 1/100th) compared to the Nobel Prize, the award, long dominated by Americans, Russians, French, and Britons (38 medals between them), is the highest recognition in the world of mathematics.
Canadian mathematician John Charles Fields instituted it at a time mathematicians felt short-changed that they had no Nobel recognition. The Nobel Prize is awarded for literature, peace, economics, physiology or medicine, chemistry and physics — but not for mathematics.
Legend — or the apocryphal story — goes that Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel, who instituted the Nobel Prize, disdained maths after someone he loved cheated on him — with a mathematician. But there is no historical basis to the story. More likely fact is that Nobel didn't care much for maths because it was not considered a practical science from which humanity could benefit (a chief purpose for creating the Nobel Foundation).
All that has changed, of course. Mathematics offers solutions to everyday issues from airline scheduling to Internet security, even though many practitioners pursue esoteric problems described in dense language incomprehensible to the layman. Bhargava's PhD thesis, for instance, is said to have helped in the "determination of the asymptotic density of discriminants of quartic and quintic number fields."
Although a Canadian-American who was born in Hamilton, Ontario, Bhargava is no stranger to India or to Indian mathematicians. Indeed, his mother, Mira Bhargava, is herself a rare female mathematician, teaching at Hofstra University (another well-known female Indian-American mathematician is Bhama Srinivasan at the University of Chicago).
Canadian-American maths wizard ?Manjul Bhargava.
Manjul has also collaborated with many Indian mathematicians, and his work with fellow Princeton scholar Arul Shankar, his PhD student, won them the Fermat Prize in 2011. Manjul's own PhD advisor was Andrew Wiles, famous for proving Fermat's last theorem.
Bhargava was awarded the 2012 Infosys Prize in mathematics for his "extraordinarily original work in algebraic number theory, which has revolutionized the way in which number fields and elliptic curves are counted." That came on top of almost every other top prize in maths, from the SASTRA Ramanujan Prize in 2005 to the American mathematical Society's Cole Prize in 2008. So the Fields Medal comes as no great surprise to the mathematical community in the US or in India.
Last week, as speculation heated up about possible 2014 winners of Fields Medal, an online poll put Bhargava on top with 516 votes, with Avila coming second with 486 votes. Apparently, his peers pretty much expected it. Which is not surprising for someone who became a tenured full professor within two years of finishing graduate school, an Ivy League record, and the second youngest full professor in Princeton's history.
That's not all. Before you think all he does is crunch numbers, Bhargava is also an accomplished table player (tutored by Zakir Hussain) and has the number on Sanskrit, which he learned from his grandfather Purushottam Lal Bhargava, was the head of the Sanskrit department of the University of Rajasthan, during family visits to Jaipur. He sees close links between his three loves noting how beats of table and rhythms of Sanskrit poetry are highly mathematical.
Such recognition came to him early. In past interviews, he has often recounted how in Grade 3, he became curious about how many oranges it takes to make a pyramid. Just as well his mathematician mother and chemist father were well-to-do: they indulged him with oranges till he figured out the answer, which was not long coming. Now he's at the pinnacle of his calling.
Donald Trump plans investment in India betting on Modi government
MUMBAI: American real estate mogul Donald Trump is planning "substantial investments" in the Indian property and hotel sectors, betting on Prime Minister Narendra Modi-led new government's efforts to revive the economic growth and boost infrastructure.
"I do see India as a great place to invest, and I think the election made that even better," said Trump, who was in India to launch Trump Tower in Mumbai, his first project in the country's financial capital, in collaboration with India's Lodha Group.
Trump was referring to the election in May that saw Modi coming to office with a reputation as a business-friendly leader and a pledge to revive the economy after the longest spell of growth below 5% in a quarter of a century.
Trump has entered into a licensing pact with Lodha for Trump Tower in Mumbai, a luxury residential tower that will offer its residents indoor jacuzzi tubs and world-class concierge services. He is yet to make an equity investment in the country.
"People are coming into India now that maybe would not have prior to the election," Trump said. "We will make investments in India, substantial investments in India. It's a great place to invest."
"I don't know that I would have made that statement three, four, five years ago. It was different."
High inflation and interest rates have deterred home buyers in the past couple of years in Asia's third-largest economy, slowing home sales and lowering profits for the country's developers.
Home sales across the big Indian cities rose by 5 percent in the June quarter from a year ago, compared with an 11 percent rise in the same quarter two years ago, according to local property research firm Liases Foras.
In a move to boost foreign investment in the sector, India this month paved the way for the market listing of real estate investment trusts, which will help debt-laden developers access cheaper sources of funding.
Trump, whose property portfolio includes projects in South Korea, Turkey and Dubai, in addition to hotels and skyscrapers in the United States, said his Trump Organisation was also in talks to invest in the hotel sector in India.
The billionaire entrepreneur and television personality did not give details of his investment plans in India. He has another project under development in the western Indian city of Pune, which is also a licensing pact.
|DesiShades on Android
|Scan with your Android QR code reader, download and install the DesiShades app.
Mustard Seeds pinch
Salt as per taste
Ginger Garlic Paste 1Tbsp
Coriader Powder 1/2Tbsp
Coconut Powerd 1Tbsp
1. Heat a tbsp of oil in a sauce pan.
2. Add few mustard seeds
3. Add few Cummin seeds
4. Add fresh curry leaves, allow them to crackle
5. Now, add chopped onions, and salt (which helps the onions to cook fatster)
6. When the onions are slightly cooked add pinch of Turmeric
7. Add ginger - garlic paste.
8. When the onions are slightly sauted, add bell pepper (Do not cover it with a lid).
9. When the Bell pepper is slightly cooked, add 1/2 tbsp of coriander powder.
10. 1 tbsp of coriander pwd
11. chilli pwd according to your taste. Mix Well
12. you can be generous in adding cauliflower, potato, or green peas to this bell pepper which will enhance your dish even more.
13. After 10 mins of slow cooking, the capsicum (bell pepper) looks great and your dish is ready.
14. garnish it with Coriander (cilantro).
15. Serve with Chapathi, pulka, or Rice.
Contributed by Mitu