MortgageKarma Eyelevel Balaji Learn-Skillz
Advertise DestinationJ CBB Paradise

India's remakable multi-satellite launch

India is well known today for its software and information technology industry. It is also a real force to reckon with when it comes to top class rocket and satellite technology. On Monday 28th April, the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) created a world record by successfully launching 10 satellites in one go. That shattered the previous record of a Russian rocket that successfully launched eight satellites last year.

Dr. Vikram Sarabhai was the founding father of the Indian space program, and is considered a scientific visionary by many, as well as a national hero. After the launch of Sputnik in 1957, he recognized the potential that satellites provided. India's first prime minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, who saw scientific development as an essential part of India's future, placed space research under the jurisdiction of the Department of Atomic Energy in 1961. The DAE director Homi Bhabha, who was father of India's atomic programme, then established the Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR) with Dr. Sarabhai as Chairman in 1962. The prime objective of ISRO is to develop space technology and its application to various national tasks. ISRO has established two major space systems, INSAT for communication, television broadcasting and meteorological services, and Indian Remote Sensing Satellites (IRS) system for resources monitoring and management. ISRO has developed two satellite launch vehicles, PSLV and GSLV, to place INSAT and IRS satellites in the required orbits.

ISRO was set up in 1974, much younger as compared to the world's space-faring nations. This was the 26th launch of a rocket from India's only space centre, Sriharikota, situated on the Bay of Bengal coast in southern India. Today there are 16,000 employees, with $1 billon budget an year, compared to $17 billion that NASA spends. India has a whopping 11 national communications satellites in orbit at present. That is the largest constellation for any country in the Asia-Pacific region. Today there are seven Indian-made and operated remote sensing satellites in orbit, the largest number of any country in the civilian domain. Almost one-third of the global market for remote sensing images at a resolution of 5-6 metres has already been captured by India.

The new mapping satellite of the Cartosat series put into orbit on Monday will provide even higher resolution images to the global community as it joins its Indian twin that has already been functioning since early last year. The Indian rocket used on Monday was the smaller Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV). It weighed a whopping 230 tons - as much as 50 elephants - and stands as high as a 12-storey building. The launch earned India more than $500,000.

India's next big challenge is the launch of Chandrayaan-1 (Moon Craft), the country's maiden shot at the Moon to be launched later this year using the PSLV. A $100m mission, it is meant to map the Moon surface in detail like never before and will undertake the most intense search for water on our nearest neighbour. India's mark on space-faring is now indelible, with a mission for robotic landing on the Moon already scheduled for 2012 and space crafts to Mars, an asteroid and the Sun already being planned. The Indian space agency is already looking at sending an Indian up on an Indian rocket from Indian soil within the next few years. As Dr G Madhavan Nair, chairman of ISRO put it to me: "Twenty years from now, when space travel is likely to become mundane like airline travel today, we don't want to be buying travel tickets on other people's space vehicles."

Here are the milestones by ISRO chronologically (Courtesey: http://www.isro.org)
2008

PSLV-C10 successfully launches TECSAR satellite under a commercial contract with Antrix Corporation (January 21, 2008).

2007

Successful launch of of GSLV (GSLV-F04) with INSAT-4CR on board from SDSC SHAR (September 2, 2007).


ISRO's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, PSLV-C8, successfully launched Italian astronomical satellite, AGILE from Sriharikota (April 23, 2007).
Successful launch of INSAT-4B by Ariane-5 from Kourou French Guyana, (March 12, 2007).
Successful recovery of SRE-1 after manoeuvring it to reenter the earth’s atmosphere and descend over the Bay of Bengal about 140 km east of Sriharikota (January 22, 2007).
ISRO's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, PSLV-C7 successfully launches four satellites - India’s CARTOSAT-2 and Space Capsule Recovery Experiment (SRE-1) and Indonesia’s LAPAN-TUBSAT and Argentina’s PEHUENSAT-1 (January 10, 2007).

2006

Second operational flight of GSLV (GSLV-F02) from SDSC SHAR with INSAT-4C on board. (July 10, 2006). Satellite could not be placed in orbit.

2005

Successful launch of INSAT-4A by Ariane from Kourou French Guyana, (December 22, 2005).


ISRO's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, PSLV-C6, successfully launched CARTOSAT-1 and HAMSAT satellites from Sriharikota(May 5, 2005).

2004

The first operational flight of GSLV (GSLV-F01) successfully launched EDUSAT from SDSC SHAR, Sriharikota (September 20, 2004)

2003

ISRO's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, PSLV-C5, successfully launched RESOURCESAT-1 (IRS-P6) satellite from Sriharikota(October 17, 2003).


Successful launch of INSAT-3E by Ariane from Kourou French Guyana, (September 28, 2003).
The Second developmental launch of GSLV-D2 with GSAT-2 on board from Sriharikota (May 8, 2003).
Successful launch of INSAT-3A by Ariane from Kourou French Guyana, (April 10, 2003).

2002

ISRO's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, PSLV-C4, successfully launched KALPANA-1 satellite from Sriharikota(September 12, 2002).


Successful launch of INSAT-3C by Ariane from Kourou French Guyana, (January 24, 2002).

2001

ISRO's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, PSLV-C3, successfully launched three satellites -- Technology Experiment Satellite (TES) of ISRO, BIRD of Germany and PROBA of Belgium - into their intended orbits (October 22, 2001).


The first developmental launch of GSLV-D1 with GSAT-1 on board from Sriharikota (April 18, 2001)

2000

INSAT-3B, the first satellite in the third generation INSAT-3 series, launched by Ariane from Kourou French Guyana,
(March 22, 2000).

1999

Indian Remote Sensing Satellite, IRS-P4 (OCEANSAT), launched by Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV-C2) along with Korean KITSAT-3 and German DLR-TUBSAT from Sriharikota
(May 26, 1999).


INSAT-2E, the last satellite in the multipurpose INSAT-2 series, launched by Ariane from Kourou French Guyana, (April 3, 1999).

1998

INSAT system capacity augmented with the readiness of INSAT-2DT acquired from ARABSAT (January 1998).

1997

INSAT-2D, fourth satellite in the INSAT series, launched (June 4, 1997). Becomes inoperable on  October  4, 1997.
(An in-orbit satellite, ARABSAT-1C, since renamed INSAT-2DT, was acquired in November 1997 to partly augment the INSAT system).


First operational launch of PSLV with IRS-1D on board
(September 29, 1997). Satellite placed in orbit.

1996

Third  developmental  launch  of  PSLV with IRS-P3 on board (March  21, 1996). Satellite placed in polar sunsynchronous orbit.

1995

Launch of third operational Indian Remote Sensing Satellite, IRS-1C (December 28, 1995).


INSAT-2C, the third satellite in the INSAT-2 series, launched (December 7, 1995).

1994

Second  developmental  launch of PSLV with IRS-P2 on board (October  15, 1994). Satellite successfully placed in polar sunsynchronous orbit.


Fourth  developmental  launch  of ASLV with SROSS-C2 on board (May 4, 1994). Satellite placed in orbit.

1993

First  developmental  launch of PSLV with IRS-1E on board (September 20, 1993). Satellite could not be placed in orbit.


INSAT-2B, the second satellite in the INSAT-2 series, launched (July 23, 1993).

1992

INSAT-2A,   the  first  satellite  of  the indigenously-built second-generation INSAT series, launched (July 10, 1992).


Third  developmental  launch  of  ASLV with SROSS-C on board (May  20, 1992). Satellite placed in orbit.

1991

Second operational Remote Sensing satellite, IRS-1B, launched (August 29, 1991).

1990

INSAT-1D launched (June 12, 1990).

1988

INSAT-1C launched (July 21, 1988). Abandoned in November 1989.


Second  developmental  launch  of ASLV with SROSS-2 on board (July  13, 1988). Satellite could not be placed in orbit.
Launch of first operational Indian Remote Sensing Satellite, IRS-1A (March 17, 1988).

1987

First developmental launch of ASLV with SROSS-1 satellite on board (March 24, 1987). Satellite could not be placed in orbit.

1984

Indo-Soviet manned space mission (April 1984).

1983

INSAT-1B, launched (August 30, 1983).


Second developmental launch of SLV-3. RS-D2 placed in orbit (April 17, 1983).

1982

INSAT-1A launched (April 10, 1982).
Deactivated on September 6, 1982.

1981

Bhaskara-II launched (November 20, 1981).


APPLE,  an  experimental geo-stationary communication satellite successfully launched  (June 19, 1981).
RS-D1 placed in orbit (May 31, 1981)
First developmental launch of SLV-3.

1980

Second Experimental launch of SLV-3, Rohini satellite successfully placed in orbit. (July 18, 1980).

1979

First  Experimental  launch of SLV-3 with Rohini Technology Payload on board (August  10, 1979). Satellite could not be placed in orbit.


Bhaskara-I, an experimental satellite for earth observations, launched (June 7, 1979).

1977

Satellite Telecommunication Experiments Project (STEP) carried out.

1975-1976

Satellite Instructional Television Experiment (SITE) conducted.

1975

ISRO First Indian Satellite, Aryabhata, launched (April 19, 1975).


Becomes Government Organisation (April 1, 1975).

1972-1976

Air-borne remote sensing experiments.

1972

Space Commission and Department of Space set up
(June 1, 1972). ISRO brought under DOS.

1969

Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) formed under Department of Atomic Energy (August 15, 1969).

1968

TERLS dedicated to the United Nations (February 2, 1968).

1967

Satellite Telecommunication Earth Station set up at Ahmedabad.

1965

Space Science & Technology Centre (SSTC) established in Thumba.

1963

First sounding rocket launched from TERLS
(November 21, 1963).

1962

Indian  National  Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR) formed by the Department of Atomic Energy  and work on establishing  Thumba Equatorial Rocket  Launching Station (TERLS) started.

Previous Thoughts
* Eminent Cartoonist RK Laxman
* Why Are Indian Kids So Good at Spelling?
* SP Balasubrahmanyam - Legendary Indian Film Singer
* The Guru for today's world
* Growing Social Networking
* Diwali Celebrations at The White House
* Ancient Religion Islam
* Indian Classical Dance - Our rich heritage
* Incredible India for ancient wonders
* 15th Indian Parliament
* Mother's Day Special
* Bura Na Mano! Holi Hai!!
* Living Positive
* India at a glance in the year 2008
* 75 years of Rich Indian Cricket
* Recession - What is all about it?
* Terrorism in India
* Beautiful Colorado for the Fall Colors
* Homoeopathy - Alternate popular medicine
* Increasing medical tourism industry in India
* Visiting parents from India
* Keeping the Indian Dance Tradition
* Indian kids excelling in prestigious contests
* India's remakable multi-satellite launch
* Outsourcing to India Trends
* Expanding World Cricket with IPL Franchises
* Reducing demand for Gold in India
* Historic Hindu prayer opened Colorado State Senate
* Right time to return to India?
* The Importance of Yoga for Kids
* India Real Estate Investments
* Amazing New Golden Temple in Vellore, Tamilnadu, India
* Response to Welcome by Swami Vivekananda
* The power of Vishnu Shahasra Namam
* How do we align outselves with God in our day to day life?
Bookmark and Share
MuckomHomes PMEI Shanthi SSS DiwaliSpecial VDM IngaBergel Advertise

News letter  Links  Classifieds  Events  Gallery  Thoughts  Local Coverage  Guests & Celebrities  Contact Us  Movies
Shopping  Live Radio  Apne Log  Business Listings  Consulate Info  Travel Tips  Coupons & Deals  Ur'Say
BizFocus  Appeals  Realty Check  Astro Forecast  Sitemap  Advertise with Us
Thyagaraja Utsavam  Annamacharya Jayanthi  Hanuman Chalisa Yagna
 
Copyright © 2007-2010 DesiShades.com. All rights reserved.
Powered by ShriTech, Inc.